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Country Status
Independent Emirate.
Capital
Kuwait City
Population
1,800,000
Religion
Islam
Head of State

Shaikh Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah

Languages
Arabic, English.
Land Surface
17,800 km
Currency
1 Dinar = 1000 Fils.
1 Dinar = US$3.30
US$1 = 304 Fils.
Local Time
3 hours ahead of GMT.

Kuwait is from nature's side all desert, made up of red soil, and there is little that favors agriculture. It lies in the northwest corner of the Arabian Gulf. It is bordered by Iraq in the north and northwest, and Saudi Arabia from the southern and western sides.

Vegetation is limited to low bushes and scrub, and salt-loving plants in the marshes along the coast. Only 9% of the land is arable, with occasional oases, and some sparse vegetation along the coast. With the help of irrigation controlled by modern technology, Kuwait has come to be more green than before. The landscape of Kuwait is flat, and the highest point in the country is 299 m. Kuwait has 9 islands, but only Faylaka is inhabited.

Average day temperature is 33C, but can drop as low as -3 in January. 52C is maximum temperature. Annual rainfall is between 25 mm and 175 mm, most of this falling during the months between October and March. Winter also comes with fierce dust storms, called kaus.
Drinking water in Kuwait comes principally from desalination of seawater.

The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Kuwait is 22.453 million dollars. Foreign trade plays a major role in Kuwait's economy. Oil and oil derivatives constitute Kuwait's major exports. Because of oil exports, balances of trade exhibits a huge surplus for Kuwait. Fertilizer and pipe manufacturing industries have also thrived over the years. Trade agreements have been concluded with many countries. Joint economic projects have also been initiated encouraging investments.

GCC citizens do not require visas to enter Kuwait. All other nationals should possess a valid visa from Kuwaiti Missions abroad.
Health regulations for vaccination certificates against cholera and yellow fever are required for those coming from infected areas.

Kuwait was the first country of the GCC to publish Arabic and English newspapers and magazines. Also, Kuwait was the first to broadcast television and radio stations, which have made their presence felt all over the Arab world.

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